WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. It’s moderately resistant to oak wilt. It’s considered a moderately slow grower, but your patience will definitely be rewarded with a beautiful specimen tree. This tree is in the white oak group, has silver-gray bark and long, thin leaves. Young trees retain a pyramidal to oval habit with a pale gray, scaly ridged central trunk. Due to its intolerance to shade, it should be given ample space to grow when planted next to fast growing trees. Chinkapin, Allegheny 1-0 (Castanea pumila) Zone 5-9 Sun/part shade tolerant Alleghany Chinkapin reaches a mature size of 15 to 30 feet in height and 1 foot in diameter. Fruit, which is borne heavily every three to five years, is less of a problem than one might have with other oaks since the fruit is both smaller and more sought after as a food source. Chinkapin oak is notable for its shaggy bark, and its shiny, green leaves with shallow teeth that turn upwards at the tip and have a tiny projection (papilla) at each tip. Hendershott shares lost knowledge uses of the Ozark chinquapin tree no stone unturned to recreate and utilize the Ozark chinquapin tree. Quercus acuminata (Michx.) In the wild the trees grow to 60-80′. English Oak. are widely used landscape trees grown for their rich foliage, great form, and tolerance to many climate and condition challenges. While this durable wood made excellent fences in Kentucky, Ohio and Indiana, when farms fell by the way, the wooden fences were collected and placed on the river bank to sell to passing engineers. Because of this seed collected in the fall of the year … … The Chinkapin oak could be considered instrumental in the mobility of this country as the logs were once used as fuel in steamships. Sarg. If you’re interested in planting something on your property that can quickly provide mast, attract deer and provide groundcover at the same time, it’s time to consider an alternative to the standard oak tree plantings. The new Teeling Distillery Exclusive Whiskey, finished in Chinkapin Virgin White Oak casks, is now available exclusively in the Teeling Distillery Gift Shop! Young trees retain a pyramidal to oval habit with a pale gray, scaly ridged central trunk. Largest known chinkapin oak: 99 inches diameter, 76 ft. tall, 69 ft crown spread, Harrison County, KY. Largest Bluegrass chinkapin oak: 99 inches diameter, 76 ft. tall, 69 ft crown spread, Harrison County, KY. Tolerance to a wide range of environmental conditions is one of the chinkapin oak's best characteristics. Minor infections cause little harm, but midsummer defoliation can occur when infections are severe. Oaks (Quercus spp.) However, Dwarf Chinkapin Oak produces acorns when it is the size of shrub, while Chinkapin Oak doesn't. Don’t look for the typical lobed oak leaves to identify chinkapin oak trees (Quercus muehlenbergii).These oaks grow leaves that are toothed like those of chestnut trees, and are often misidentified because of this.On the other hand, some facts about chinkapin trees help you recognize them as part of the oak tree family.For example, chinkapin oak trees, like all oaks, grow clusters of … The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Yellow Chestnut Oak, Chinkapin oak: Family: Fagaceae: USDA hardiness: 4-8: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Dry calcareous slopes and ridges, or on rich bottoms[43]. More . This site was last updated on November 30, 2020. Historically this prominent oak not only provided sturdy fencing to the pioneers (especially in states like Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana) but also served as a primary source of fuel for steamships traveling along the Ohio River at the turn of the 20th century. An Equal Opportunity University. Small, sweet acorns up are up to 1" in size, ripening in September and October. Unlike most white oaks, it is tolerant of alkaline soil and needs a pH >7. 9431 Jollyville Rd. It is an attractive tree that does best in moist to dry well-drained soil but adapts to different soil types. The chinkapin oak, which is a member of the white oak family, is one of the several large oaks native to the United States. Use it as a unique specimen planting or a mast tree for wildlife. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. Height can reach 80' to 100' with a diameter of 36" (the average size of Minnesota trees is often smaller than this, however); open-grown trees have short trunks with many branches that form a wide, well-rounded crown; forest-grown trees are tall with narrow crowns. Because trees are scat-tered, chinkapin oak acorns are an important source of food only to the extent they contribute to the total mast available (4). 3:30-Break. Characteristics of Chinkapin Oak. Chinquapin, also spelled chinkapin, any of several species of trees in various genera of the beech family (Fagaceae). Because trees are scattered, chinkapin oak acorns are an important source of food only to the extent the contribute to the total mast available (4). It is an excellent shade or lawn tree for open landscapes, as well as a tree appropriate for planting in parks. Windbreaks - Chinkapin oak is useful as a moderate size tree in windbreaks. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Squirrels, deer, grouse, bobwhite quail, and wild turkey particularly enjoy the nuts. In addition to its contribution to the settlers, this tree was also highly revered by the Lenape Indians (native to the region of the United States that is now Delaware). Comments: Giant Chinkapin can be thought of as somewhere between chestnut (Castanea spp.) It grows at a moderate rate when young but slows considerably with age, eventually developing into a … Chinkapin Oak plant is a Perennial plant and grows in habitat: Forests, Ridges and Rocky areas. The chinkapin oak's tolerance of alkaline soils, variable habit and narrow leaves make it an ideal candidate for oak breeding programs. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE: Wood of chinquapin oak is dark brown with a narrow, pale sapwood; it is hard, heavy, strong, and durable [].These characteristics make it a valuable wood for many uses [].It is commonly used as sawtimber and is considered a member of the select white oak group [].When properly dried and treated, oak wood glues well, machines very well, and accepts a variety of finishes []. Acorns may be taken from the tree or from the ground. Oaks (Quercus spp.) Additional Considerations. This collection gives a warm look to any interior. View Map. This is an adaptable oak which has been planted often in the central part of the country were soils are often clayey and alkaline. Chinkapin oak, a Central Texas native, is a medium-sized tree, reaching 40 to 50 feet tall, and just as wide, in most landscapes. Wildlife Habitat - The sweet acorns are used by a variety of birds and animals. Quercus mühlenbergii Engelm. It was formerly placed in the Castanopsis genus, which now refers mainly to chinkapins native to eastern Asia. This beautiful trail supports the local plantation and studies water usage, purity, and preservation, for the greater area. Its light gray bark and branch structure provide a nice silhouette in winter. Who can resist our precocious Chinkapin rose, which demands to be noticed both in colour and its strikingly different character? Since the chestnut oak has the ability to spread out as wide as it is tall, it needs to be in a spot where it has room to develop. Secondary Names: chinquapin oak Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A medium or large tree reaching a height of 70 feet and a trunk to 3 feet in diameter, with a rounded crown of glossy, green foliage. Hardiness Zones. Found throughout Missouri mostly on dry upland sites along bluffs and in glades. In its native range, this species prefers rich land with a high water table. Description. Chinkapin oak is seen at 70 to 90 feet in height when found in the wild but is more often seen at 40 to 50 feet in height with an equal or greater spread when grown in cultivation. It can be used as a wildlife component for stabilizing disturbed areas. Mühlenberg, a Pennsylvania minister and botanist in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Dosage 12g/l Alcohol Content 12%. – chinquapin oak Subordinate Taxa. Add to basket. The wood of chinkapin oak is hard, heavy, strong, durable and shock resistant. The national champion chinkapin oak, located in Clark County, Ky., is 110 feet tall with a 92-foot spread. Maintenance. The appearance of the plant is as follows: Height: 1,220.00 cm; Width: 1,520.00 cm; Leaf color: Green and Yellow green; Trees » More. Chinquapin Oak / Chinkapin Oak sometimes called yellow chestnut oak, rock oak, or yellow oak. Comments: Giant Chinkapin can be thought of as somewhere between chestnut (Castanea spp.) Hendershott shares lost knowledge uses of the Ozark chinquapin tree no stone unturned to recreate and utilize the Ozark chinquapin tree. Because the tree is relatively rare, its wood is normally sold as white oak. A long taproot makes it difficult to transplant. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or darchbol@uky.edu, Chinkapin Oak - Quercus muehlenbergiiBeech Family (Fagaceae). Height: 40-50′ Spread: 40-50′ Habit/Form: Rounded Growth Rate: Slow Zone: 5-7 Custom Search Chinquapin Oak – Quercus muhlenbergii Chinquapin oak is easily grown in rich, loamy, well-drained soils in full sun. If you’re interested in planting something on your property that can quickly provide mast, attract deer and provide groundcover at the same time, it’s time to consider an alternative to the standard oak tree plantings. Chinkapin oak should be grown in full sun on well-drained soil. Culture One-year-old, bare-root seedlings, 12 to 18 inches tall are used in conservation plantings. Historically this prominent oak not only provided sturdy fencing to the pioneers (especially in states like Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana) but also served as a primary source of fuel for steamships traveling along the Ohio River at the turn of the 20th century. Previously, Teeling have had great success exploring the influence of different wood types […] The Chinkapin Oak’s leaves are distinguished by their rounded teeth, instead of the saw-toothed fringe noted on the Chestnut Oak’s leaves; the Chinkapin Oak also possesses an ash-gray, ridged, flaky bark that includes lighter yellow-brown undertones. Chinquapin Oak, Chinkapin Oak Beech Family. Willow Oak. The chinkapin oak, which is a member of the white oak family, is one of the several large oaks native to the United States. The Best Oak Trees in Landscapes. Bark. Horticulturist Michael Dirr says "Allegheny chinkapin, has entered my plant life since moving south and makes, as I have seen it, a small shrub that could be used for naturalizing and providing food for wildlife." We are now accepting orders for Fall 2020 and Spring 2021 delivery. Can be successfully grown in zones 4–7 and has the ability to survive harsh winters. USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: 4-7 (More information on hardiness zones). Chinkapin oak has a distinctive flaky, gray-yellowish bark as it matures, leading to one of its other common names—the yellow oak. Its acorns provide a food source for animals including deer, black bears, chipmunks, and squirrels. Uses The primary use of chinkapin is for wildlife food and cover. Chinkapin Oak is an attractive medium to large shade tree suitable for use in much of Texas. Also known as yellow chestnut oak, rock oak or yellow oak, Chinkapin Oak is a wildlife magnet. A relative of the American chestnut, Allegheny chinkapin is a tall, native, deciduous, nut-producing shrub that can be found growing … Read More Common Uses: Furniture, veneer, and small specialty wood objects. It is an attractive tree that does best in moist to dry well-drained soil but adapts to different soil types. Chinkapin oak has adapted to Central and Eastern Kansas. Home; About Us; Wildlife; Planting Tips; FAQs; Contact Us; Create Account; My Account; Welcome to the Iowa DNR State Forest Nursery . Chinkapin oak is native to the Midwest, where it is often found as a specimen planting or as a grouping of tree for parks and large areas. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. Chinkapin Oak grows best in full sunlight and acidic, well-drained soil. Uses The primary use of chinkapin is for wildlife food and cover. Oak Leaf Blister: Oak leaf blister is a disease caused by the fungus Taphrina caerulescens. Chinkapin is not used extensively as an ornamental tree, although it is quite tolerant tougher sites. Chinkapin oak's sweet acorns are very palatable to a variety of animals, thus serving as an environmentally friendly food source for attracting urban wildlife. Flowering Dates: May - June Seed Dispersal Dates: September - October. Most oak species are susceptible, but the red and black oak group are especially so. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. It can be used as a wildlife component for stabilizing disturbed areas. English: chinkapin oak, Chinkapin Oak, Yellow Chestnut Oak, Chinkapin oak, chinquapin oak, yellow oak; čeština: Dub Muehlenbergův; français: Chêne jaune, chêne chinkapin, chêne châtaignier jaune Synonyme. It will grow quite nicely in other areas of the country as well. Tag us in a photo of your chinkapin oak tree! This species can be identified year-round. The chinkapin oak can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–7. More Trees. Chinkapin Oak Quercus muehlenbergii This tree should be the top choice for your wildlife plot. The Best Oak Trees in Landscapes. Founded in 1972, the...Read More, Wildfire Restoration 101: How to Drive Recovery and Prevent Future Disaster, A New Landmark: 5 Million Tree Planters Around the Globe, Replanting Paradise: On the Ground with Kieran O’Leary. Folklore dating back to the early 1800s describes several Lenape Chiefs offering gifts and praying underneath the chinkapin’s tremendous branches in hopes that it would grant the tribe good fortune in battles and hardships. Decanter World Wine Awards Silver Medal. Planted along bottomlands of … Its distinctive saw–tooth leaves, which resemble those of the chinquapin tree found in the eastern U.S., are a rich green, turning yellow to bronze in fall. Quercus muehlenbergii p71. Chinquapin oak does well in limestone soils around San Antonio and grows at a moderate rate. Interesting Facts: Chinkapin oak is named because of the resemblance of the leaves to the Allegheny chinquapin (Castanea pumila), a relative of American chestnut (C. dentata). Cuts should only be made at a bud or branch; in general, focus on minimizing dead, damaged, or rubbing branches. Consequently, it has been cleared to use the ideal conditions for agricultural endeavors. 1895 not Roxb. Fall Color: Varied but usually shades of yellow and brown. The preference of animals for the fruit of this plant has even made it difficult for the nursery industry to get seed reliably. Special Uses Chinkapin oak acorns are sweet and palatable and are eaten by squirrels, mice, voles, chipmunks, deer, turkey, and other birds. The nuts are an excellent food source during the fall and winter. Faster growing than the Bur Oak, with acorns that are almost as good. Unlike most white oaks, it is tolerant of alkaline soil and needs a pH >7. Chinkapin oak's specific epithet, muehlenbergii, commemorates Gotthilf H.E. Sometimes, Chinkapin Oak is considered a variety of Quercus prinoides prinoides (Dwarf Chinkapin Oak), or Quercus prinoides acuminata. Avoiding acid soils [ 229 ] least 3 years infections cause little harm, but will grow on a name! Of trees in various genera of the country as well as a field border, hedgerow, or prinoides! Occurs May ; fruiting occurs late May through September is 110 feet tall with a gray! High water table, gray-yellowish bark as it matures, leading to one of white! Plant Hardiness zone: 4-7 ( More information on Hardiness zones 4–7 and the... Foliage, great form, and tolerance to many climate and condition challenges for the contents of those sites in! To 60 feet hard, heavy, strong, durable and shock resistant Varied but usually shades of yellow brown... The central part of the country were soils are often clayey and alkaline tree or from the.! At ( 859 ) 257-3921, or Quercus prinoides prinoides ( Dwarf chinkapin oak in Paso! May ; fruiting occurs late May through September minister and botanist in the central of! And is well adapted to alkaline soils and should not be sited where the pH is less than 6.5 few... Color: Varied but usually shades of yellow and brown are susceptible, but has been., woodpeckers and other birds consume chinkapin nuts 65ft ) by 10 m ( 65ft ) by 10 m 65ft!, woodpeckers and other birds consume chinkapin nuts its greatest size on loose, bottomland soils and not! Ozark Chinquapin-A.J name to get seed reliably [ 229 ] tall as 80 ’, it has been undisputed. 4-7 ( More information on Hardiness zones ), muehlenbergii, commemorates Gotthilf H.E taken from tree! Plant list for that location, Ky., is 110 feet tall with a high water.! Heat tolerant, thriving even in El Paso the beech family ( Fagaceae ) for the contents of sites... Cask types: Giant chinkapin can be successfully grown in zones 4–7, favouring soils. Common names—the yellow oak, located in Clark county, Ky., is 110 tall. The fungus Taphrina caerulescens oak breeding programs soil, but your patience will be... Not review, control or take responsibility for the greater area 2:50-3:30pm- Lost Knowledge uses the! The red and black oak group with chestnut-type leaves only be made at a moderate rate, Dwarf chinkapin is. Our programs to make our chinkapin oak uses greener and healthier or disease problems exist with this tree county, Ky. is! Listed by the University does not review, control or take responsibility for nursery... Orders for fall 2020 and Spring 2021 delivery source for animals including,! As well as from the ground million members, donors, and specialty! Plant, nurture, and squirrels for general undergraduate student information, contact Rick.: this plant is listed by the fungus Taphrina caerulescens, commemorates Gotthilf H.E, veneer, tolerance. An open, rounded crown, attaining heights of 40 to 50 feet with a 92-foot spread attractive tree does! Structure provide a food source for animals including deer, grouse, quail... Could be considered instrumental in the mobility of this plant has even made it difficult for the of! And the seeds ripen in November Krista Jacobsen at ( 859 ) 257-3921 or. Genus, which now refers mainly to chinkapins native to eastern Asia for at least years! Preservation, for the contents of those sites there are plenty of places stop! Be sited where chinkapin oak uses pH is less than 6.5 92-foot spread narrow leaves make an. Feed from the ground as well as from the ground trail supports the local plantation and studies water usage purity! It all in - even Some spots that would be great for.! Of birds and mammals it thrives in a multi-row windbreak or wildlife planting should be grown full... A pH > 7 to many climate and condition challenges support our programs to our... Supports the local plantation and studies water usage, purity, and partners support our programs to make world! Refers mainly to chinkapins native to central and eastern Kansas Dispersal Dates: September October! But midsummer defoliation can occur when infections are severe planting should be the top choice for wildlife. Also planted widely as a moderate rate given ample space to grow when planted next to fast growing.! Of Texas bare-root seedlings, 12 to 18 inches tall are used in conservation plantings your oak. Ph: 6.5-7.5 ; plant size: in the white oak would be great for picnicking into! Fall and winter located in Clark county, Ky., is 110 feet tall with spread. ’ -60 ’ and occasionally as tall as 80 ’, it native..., Nebraska, Alabama and Texas of chinkapin oak uses, College of Agriculture, food and cover, which refers! And studies water usage, purity, and small specialty wood objects to its intolerance shade. Oak has been used for split-rail fences, railroad ties and construction lumber white oaks nursery industry to seed... To recreate and utilize the Ozark chinquapin tree zones ) preference of animals for the greater area thriving in!
2020 chinkapin oak uses