He subsequently served on the battlecruiser Kongō, cruiser Iwate and destroyer Nara. Detailed View Revision History Sources. Cette position lui a donné un rôle considérable dans les batailles d'Iwo Jima et d'Okinawa. Besby Frank Holmes, a World War II ace who took his fighter plane fruitlessly to the air when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor but was finally able to pursue vengeance as part of the 1943 mission that brought the death of Adm. Isoroku Yamamoto, the architect of the attack, died July 23 in Greenbrae, Calif. Matome Ugaki, author of Fading Victory: The Diary of Admiral Matome Ugaki, 1941-1945, on LibraryThing One year after the downing of the two planes carrying Admiral Yamamoto and Ugaki in April 1943, the diary has a lengthy account (about ten pages) of these events. The following year, he was given command of battleship Hyūga. Born to a farming family in rural Akaiwa District, Okayama (now part of Okayama city, Okayama prefecture), Ugaki graduated from the 40th class Imperial Japanese Naval Academy in 1912. Traveling with Yamamoto in a separate Mitsubishi G4M bomber, both aircraft were shot down on 18 April 1943 over Bougainville in the Solomon Islands, in what the United States named "Operation Vengeance". Matome Ugaki USS Hugh W. Hadley: Surviving the Kamikazes of Okinawa On May 11, 1945, the destroyer USS Hugh W. Hadley survived a series of Kamikaze attacks off Okinawa but was shattered in the process. In March, he launched a long-range strike of kamikaze against the U.S. fleet anchored at Ulithi followed by the first waves of Operation Ten-Go in April, which involved hundreds of kamikaze attacks against U.S. Navy ships in the vicinity of Okinawa. - Amiral de la Marine impériale japonaise pendant la seconde guerre mondiale . But the admiral’s chief of staff, Vice Adm. Matome Ugaki, who would join Yamamoto on the trip, deemed it crucial for morale. Le vice-amiral Ugaki met sa marque sur le Yamato. Chef d'état-major de la Flotte combinée (1941-1943), La supériorité de la chasse embarquée américaine et la puissance de la Défense Contre Avions des bâtiments d'escorte ont fait que le résultat de ces attaques a été décevant, hormis la destruction du porte-avions léger, Ce jour-là, en une heure et vingt minutes, l', Pour organiser cette mission, le vice-amiral Ukaki a pris prétexte qu'il n'avait pas encore reçu d'ordres de la hiérarchie militaire d'exécuter la décision de l'Empereur. This detailed diary serves as a valuable primary source to understand the thinking of Japan's military leaders. This book is the Sensoroku (personal diary) of Imperial Japanese Navy Vice Admiral Matome Ugaki who was a key participant in the Pacific War. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Ugaki pointed out that he had not yet received an official order to stop military action, so according to the spirit of Bushidō he decided to die like a real samurai during a suicide attack on American warships. Ugaki became rear admiral on 15 November 1938. The sailors buried the bodies in the sand. Although there are no precise accounts of an intercept made by Navy or Marine fighters or Pacific Fleet surface units against enemy aircraft in this vicinity at the time of surrender, it is possible further research may reveal more detail as to which ships (if any) were attacked. Il est nommé vice-amiral en décembre 1942. http://navalhistory.flixco.info/H/170750x19846/8330/a0.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Matome_Ugaki&oldid=985519717, Japanese military personnel killed in World War II, Grand Cordons of the Order of the Rising Sun, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 12:38. Your way. The last ride of Matome Ugaki... Admiral Matome Ugaki was the Chief-of-Staff of the Combined Fleet under Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto during ww2. - Amiral de la Marine impériale japonaise pendant la seconde guerre mondiale. He was commissioned as ensign on 1 December 1913 and was assigned to the battlecruiser Ibuki. He subsequently served on the battlecruiser Kongō, cruiser Iwate and destroyer Nara. Le temps que celui-ci ait été recueilli par un destroyer et ait pu embarquer, vers 16 h 30 sur le Yamato, le vice-amiral Ugaki a exercé le commandement de la Force d'attaque et de diversion no 1[10]. La 1re division de cuirassés quitte le mouillage de îles Lingga, le 18 octobre, relâche du 20 au 22 en baie de Brunei, à Bornéo puis met cap au nord-est, à l'ouest de Palawan[9]. The message contained many details, like departure times, locations, exact route, even the number and types of aircraft assigned to this mission. His command of kamikazes during the Okinawa campaign and his own decision to end his life in that fashion at the end flows naturally from his worldview and in no way comes across as an act of desperation. En furent notamment victimes les deux navires amiraux successifs de l'amiral Spruance, le croiseur USS Indianapolis le 30 mars[Information douteuse], et le vieux cuirassé USS New Mexico (touché par un navire-suicide), mais ce furent surtout les destroyers piquets radar qui eurent à en souffrir comme l'USS Laffey, le 15 avril, à 30 nautiques d'Okinawa[Note 2],[19]. The flight had a second Betty, aircraft 326, in which Chief of Staff Vice Admiral Matome Ugaki and part of Yamamoto's staff was travelling. Un de ceux-ci, la tête écrasée et le bras droit manquant, portait un uniforme vert foncé, et une épée courte a été trouvée à proximité[21]. Ugaki pointed out that he had not yet received an official order to stop military action, so according to the spirit of Bushidō he decided to die like a real samurai during a suicide attack on American warships. Meanwhile, he gathered even more aircraft and hid them to be used in the same fashion in defense of Kyūshū against the expected Allied invasion that was sure to come. Lorsqu'en avril 1943, après l'opération I-Go, l'amiral Yamamoto décide une tournée d'inspection dans les îles Salomon, le vice-amiral Ugaki l'accompagne. Matome Ugaki (宇垣 纏, Ugaki Matome? Biography. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 10 novembre 2020 à 21:27. He was one of three survivors, the others being the bomber's pilot Hayashi and another staff officer, Kitamura. Variant of the name : Ugaki Matome (1890-1945) ISNI :: ISNI 0000 0000 8394 7574 When Emperor Hirohito announced Japan’s surrender, Admiral Matome Ugaki decided to lead one final mission. 10 Feb 1945 The Japanese Navy 5th Air Fleet was formed with the strength of eight air groups with Vice Admiral Matome Ugaki in command and Captain Toshiyuki Yokoi as his chief of staff; it was attached to the Combined Fleet. Matome Ugaki was chief of staff of the Combined Fleet under Admiral Isoroki Yamamoto - until both were shot down over Bougainville in April 1943, resulting in Yamamoto's death. Définitions de Ugaki, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Ugaki, dictionnaire analogique de Ugaki (français) Le vice-amiral Ugaki est encore en route lorsqu'il reçoit l'ordre de rejoindre la 1re flotte mobile du vice-amiral Ozawa, qui se porte vers Saipan, pour contrer l'attaque de la Ve flotte de l'amiral Spruance contre les îles Mariannes. When Emperor Hirohito announced Japan’s surrender, Admiral Matome Ugaki decided to lead one final mission. [Non-Latin script references not evaluated.] ‘My thoughts ran wild seeking ways to save the empire,” Admiral Matome Ugaki wrote in his diary on the last day of 1944. The Diary of Admiral Matome Ugaki 1941-1945. Born in Akaiwa District, Okayama (now part of Okayama city, Okayama prefecture), Ugaki graduated from the 40th class Imperial Japanese Naval Academy in 1912. Matome Ugaki (宇垣 纏, Ugaki Matome? Ugaki has the appearance of a professional man, wearing a tie with a white button-up shirt, large glasses, and his hair neatly combed over to one side. Matome Ugaki (宇垣 纏, Ugaki Matome, 15 February 1890 – 15 August 1945) was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, remembered for his extensive and revealing war diary, role at the Battle of Leyte Gulf, and kamikaze suicide hours after the announced surrender of Japan at the end of the war. After he recovered from his wounds, in February 1944 Ugaki was placed in command of the 1st Battleship Division (Nagato, Yamato, Musashi), and was commander during the disastrous Battle of Leyte Gulf, including the Battle of the Sibuyan Sea on 24 October, and Battle off Samar on 25 October 1944. Matome Ugaki was born on 15 February 1890 in Okayama Prefecture, Japan, and he graduated from the Imperial Japanese Navy Academy in 1912. JSON ... Death 1945-08-15. Related Descriptions Virtual International Authority File Wikidata WorldCat Identities LC Name Authority File. Death : Okinawa (Japon), 15-08-1945: Note : Amiral. En octobre, dans le cadre du Plan Sho-go de défense des Philippines, la 1re division de cuirassés, accompagnée des cuirassés rapides Kongō et Haruna et de dix croiseurs lourds, doit, au sein de la Force d'attaque et de diversion no 1 du vice-amiral Kurita, aller attaquer les forces amphibies américaines qui débarquent sur la côte orientale de l'île de Leyte. Matome Ugaki, admis à l'Académie navale impériale du Japon dans la 40e promotion en 1912, classé 9e sur 144 cadets, sert comme midship (Shōi Kōhosei), sur le croiseur cuirassé Azuma[1], et le croiseur Hirado[2]. Le 25 octobre, dès avant 7 h, au large de Samar, cuirassés et croiseurs lourds japonais emmenés par le Yamato, vont canonner pendant près de trois heures, des porte-avions d'escorte de la VIIe flotte américaine, chargés de la couverture rapprochée des troupes américaines ayant débarqué sur l'île de Leyte. Resolved to follow his young pilots to certain death, Ugaki flew a kamikaze mission within hours of Japan's surrender on August 15, 1945, and was never heard from again. Matome Ugaki (宇垣 纏 Ugaki Matome, 15 February 1890 – 15 August 1945) was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, remembered for his extensive and revealing war diary, role at the Battle of Leyte Gulf, and kamikaze suicide hours after the announced surrender of Japan at the end of the war. The last photo of Vice Admiral Matome Ugaki, taken before his suicide flight on August 15, 1945. L'aviation japonaise a ainsi réussi, devant Iwo Jima, à endommager très gravement l'USS Saratoga, et à couler l'USS Bismarck Sea. But the admiral’s chief of staff, Vice Adm. Matome Ugaki, who would join Yamamoto on the trip, deemed it crucial for morale. Chef d'état-major de la Flotte combinée, d'août 1941 à avril 1943, alors que l'amiral Yamamoto en était le commandant en chef, puis commandant de l'escadre des cuirassés géants japonais en 1944, il est mort en kamikaze. Altogether, it became the raw material of an assassination attempt on his life. Avant d'embarquer, Matome Ugaki a posé pour des photographies, dans un simple uniforme vert foncé sans insigne de grade, tenant à la main une courte épée de cérémonie que lui avait donnée l'amiral Yamamoto[20]. The news of Yamamoto's death was publicised first more than a month later in Japan and came as shock to the nation. Monzo Akiyama was born in Niigata Prefecture, Japan, in 1891. ), né le 15 février 1890 à Okayama au Japon et mort le 15 août 1945 au large d'Okinawa, est un amiral de la Marine impériale japonaise pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. 2/15/Meiji 23; d. 8/15/Shōwa 20) Editorial Notes [Machine-derived non-Latin script reference project.] Matome Ugaki was chief of staff of the Combined Fleet under Admiral Isoroki Yamamoto - until both were shot down over Bougainville in April 1943, resulting in Yamamoto s death. Flying at 4,500 feet were two Betty bombers, one carrying Yamamoto and the other his chief of staff, Vice Admiral Matome Ugaki. Matome Ugaki was, in some ways, a remarkable, intelligent & great man of honor, albeit, for a despicable regime committing grave sins vs humanity. After a brief posting aboard the cruiser Ōi, he served three years as a staff member of the Naval Gunnery School, and was then appointed as a resident officer in Germany from 1928–1930, with the rank of commander. Il a tenu un journal intime vaste et révélateur de la guerre. En 1924, il appartient à la 22e promotion de l'École de guerre navale et est promu capitaine de corvette (Shōsa). Promu capitaine de vaisseau (Daisa) en 1932, il rejoint l'état-major de la Flotte combinée et de la 1re flotte, puis commande le croiseur cuirassé Yakumo[6] et le cuirassé Hyuga[7]. “Average people have now realized the gravity of the situation, but only too late.” As commander of … The Last Kamikaze. Matome Ugaki was chief of staff of the Combined Fleet under Admiral Isoroki Yamamoto until both were shot down over Bougainville in April 1943, resulting in Yamamoto's death. Despite the tremendous potential firepower of these three vessels, the largest in the Imperial Navy, only modest damage was inflicted on the American forces, and from the fall of 1944 to the summer of 1945 all three ships would be severely damaged by overwhelming strikes by U.S. carrier-based planes. The other bomber, carrying Yamamoto's chief of staff, Vice Adm. Matome Ugaki, was sent into the sea, but Ugaki scrambled out and made it to shore. Vice Admiral Matome Ugaki, one of the Imperial Japanese Navy's top leaders from Pearl Harbor to the end of the war, wrote a 15-volume diary covering his wartime experiences. Monzo Akiyama (秋山 門造, Akiyāmā Mōnzō) (December 30, 1891, Nagaoka - January 25, 1944, Kwajalein) was a Japanese Rear Admiral who served in World War II. They were escorted by … Responsable de l'artillerie du croiseur Ōi'[5], en 1925, puis à l'État-Major Général de la Marine, il est en poste en Allemagne à partir de 1928, il est promu capitaine de frégate (Chūsa) fin 1928, et rentre au Japon en 1930, pour rejoindre l'état-major de la 5e escadre, puis de la 2e flotte. Ugaki planned to hit the invasion forces with hundreds of aircraft and suicide boats in a few hours in Operation Ketsu-Go (Decisive Operation). He later served as commander of battleship and air fleets, finally directing the kamikaze attacks off Okinawa. After his promotion to captain on 1 December 1932, Ugaki served as an instructor at the Naval Staff College. [3], On 15 August 1945, Emperor Hirohito made a radio announcement conceding defeat and calling for the military to lay down their arms. Fading Victory was originally published by University of Pittsburgh Press in 1991 with an orange cover and reprinted by Naval Institute Press in 2008 with a gray cover with his photo. L'amiral Halsey en conclut que la « Force centrale » du vice-amiral Kurita a son compte, et qu'il peut partir à l'attaque des porte-avions du vice-amiral Ozawa que des reconnaissances aériennes ont enfin repérés au large de Luçon. On April 14, 1943, American cryptologists intercepted and deciphered a peculiar note about a planned inspection by Yamamoto in the Solomon Islands. More news. The Japanese navy doctor examining Yamamoto's body determined the head wound killed Yamamoto. Amiral. Ugaki describes his nearly miraculous survival after his plane caught fire and crashed into the sea after being hit by several American fighters. They were escorted by … Lorsque les forces du général MacArthur débarquent sur l'île de Biak, au nord-est de la Nouvelle-Guinée, le 10 juin, la 1re division de cuirassés appareille pour aller en renforcer la défense. Ugaki was promoted to Captain in 1932 and to Rear Admiral in 1938, and he became Chief-of-Staff of the Combined Fleet … Thus, the aircraft containing Ugaki took off with three men, as opposed to two each in the remaining ten aircraft. Toutefois, les documents de l'US Navy ne font état d'aucune attaque kamikaze réussie ce jour-là, et il est probable que tous les avions de la mission, dont celui du vice-amiral Ugaki, ont été abattus par la défense anti-aérienne américaine. A post-mortem of Yamamoto indicated two bullet wounds, one to the back of his left shoulder, and a separate wound to his left lower jaw that appeared to exit above his right eye. Export. Cette désobéissance aura pour conséquence qu'il ne lui sera pas attribué de promotion à titre posthume comme c'était le cas pour les, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Matome_Ugaki&oldid=176458602, Militaire japonais de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Portail:Seconde Guerre mondiale/Articles liés, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Militaire, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Entreprises, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Only … Il est promu contre-amiral en 1938, et est nommé chef du 1er bureau de l'État-Major Général de la Marine, puis commandant de la 8e escadre (les croiseurs Tone et Chikuma), en avril 1941 et chef d'état-major de la Flotte combinée en août 1941. Endo served as radioman during the mission, sending Ugaki's final messages, the last of which at 19:24 reported that the plane had begun its dive onto an American vessel. Having already announced his plans, Yamamoto said, “Even if it were dangerous, I could not turn back now.” In a photo taken just a week before his death, Yamamoto (in white) inspects Japanese pilots at Rabaul, New Britain. Mais, pressé par l'amiral Toyoda, le vice-amiral Kurita remet cap à l'est, et franchit dans la nuit, sans opposition, le détroit de San-Bernardino[14]. Elements of this last flight most likely followed the Ryukyu flyway southwest to the many small islands north of Okinawa, where U.S. forces were still on alert at the potential end of hostilities. Flying at 4,500 feet were two Betty bombers, one carrying Yamamoto and the other his chief of staff, Vice Admiral Matome Ugaki. The last photo of Vice Admiral Matome Ugaki, taken before his suicide flight on August 15, 1945. The rest of the crew and … Matome Ugaki est le dernier kamikaze mort au combat [22]. Ugaki, Matome, 1890-1945; Sources. Matome Ugaki was born February 15 1890 in Akaiwa District, Okayama (today Okayama city) in Okayama Prefecture in Japan. Masataka Chihaya, author of Fading Victory: The Diary of Admiral Matome Ugaki, 1941-1945, on LibraryThing Long out of print, theses wartime diaries of a key admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy, provide a revealing inside look into the Japanese view of the Pacific War. “Average people have now realized the gravity of the situation, but only too late.” As commander of … In August 1941, just prior to Japan′s attack on European/US interests in the Pacific Theater, (some consider the 2nd Sino-Japanese war to be the real start of World War II), Ugaki was appointed Chief-of-Staff of the Combined Fleet under Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto in which he served until Yamamoto's death. [citation needed] He was posthumously awarded the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun. Recalled to Japan in February 1945, Ugaki was appointed commander of IJN Fifth Air Fleet based in Kyūshū and overseeing all naval aircraft in the region from his headquarters in a cave bunker to protect him from the growing threat of B-29 Superfortress attacks. Damaged, the bomber ditched into the sea off Moila Point at the southern tip of Bougainville. He placed 9th out of 144 cadets, and served as midshipman on the cruisers Azuma and Hirado. Matome Ugaki was born on 15 February 1890 in Okayama Prefecture, Japan, and he graduated from the Imperial Japanese Navy Academy in 1912. The Japanese announced Yamamoto's death … Franklin D. Roosevelt didn’t have any second thoughts … After listening to the announcement of Japan's defeat, Ugaki made a last entry in his diary noting that he had not yet received an official cease-fire order, and that as he alone was to blame for the failure of his valiant aviators to stop the enemy, he would fly one last mission himself to show the true spirit of bushido. He was also a worrier, who in times of stress suffered from gum disorders. He was killed in action during the Battle of Kwajalein. Pour la défense d'Okinawa, l'aviation japonaise basée à terre a eu recours aux kamikaze, qui avec 1 400 attaques ont représenté 50 % des attaques aériennes menées d'avril à juin. Le lendemain matin, l'équipage du navire de débarquement américain LST-926 a trouvé les restes encore fumants d'un cockpit avec trois corps sur la plage d'Ishikawajima. In 1924, Ugaki graduated from the 22nd class of the Naval Staff College, and was promoted to lieutenant commander. À 9 h 30, le vice-amiral Kurita arrête son attaque, et après avoir longtemps hésité, prend la route du retour, franchissant le détroit de San Bernardino vers 22 h, alors que l'amiral Halsey, revenu à grande vitesse avec ses cuirassés les plus rapides USS New Jersey et Iowa n'est plus qu'à quarante nautiques[17]. Comme enseigne de vaisseau (Shōi et Chūi) de 1913 à 1918, il suit les cours de l'École de canonnage et de l'École de torpillage, puis est embarqué sur le croiseur cuirassé reclassé croiseur de bataille Ibuki, le croiseur de bataille tout récent Kongō[3], le croiseur cuirassé Iwate[2], et le destroyer de 2e classe Nara. La 1re division de cuirassés est dissoute le 15 novembre. Matome Ugaki (宇垣 纏, Ugaki Matome, 15 February 1890 – 15 August 1945) was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, remembered for his extensive and revealing war diary, role at the Battle of Leyte Gulf, and kamikaze suicide hours … Ugaki kept a personal diary that survived the war and in 1991 was first published and translated to English as Fading Victory The Diary of Admiral Matome Ugaki, 1941-1945. However, U.S. Navy records do not indicate any successful kamikaze attack on that day, and it is likely that all aircraft on the mission (with the exception of three that returned due to engine problems) crashed into the ocean, struck down by American anti-aircraft fire. After his promotion to lieutenant on 1 December 1918, he attended naval artillery school, and was assigned as chief gunnery officer to the destroyer Minekaze. Biography. The other bomber, carrying Yamamoto's chief of staff, Vice Adm. Matome Ugaki, was sent into the sea, but Ugaki scrambled out and made it to shore. Le contre-amiral Ugaki est alors le plus proche collaborateur de l'amiral Yamamoto dans cette fonction, qu'il occupe pendant l'attaque de Pearl Harbor, pendant l'offensive victorieuse du début de 1942, mais aussi pendant les batailles de la mer de Corail, de Midway, des Salomon orientales, des îles Santa Cruz et de Guadalcanal. Surclassés, les navires américains vont opposer une résistance acharnée, le Yamato va ainsi être momentanément contraint de sortir de la ligne de bataille devant la vigueur des attaques de destroyers d'escorte[15],[16]. He later served as commander of battleship and air fleets, finally directing the kamikaze attacks off Okinawa. In 1935, Ugaki was assigned as a staff officer to the Combined Fleet for a year before he was given his first command: the cruiser Yakumo. (forename r; Ugaki Matome; d. 8/15/Shōwa 20; cmdr., Dai 5 Kōkū Kantai) found: Nihon Riku-Kaigun no seido, 1972 (Ugaki Matome; b. Matome Ugaki (15 February 1890-15 August 1945) was a Vice Admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.. His subordinates protested, and even after Ugaki had climbed into the backseat of a Yokosuka D4Y, Warrant Officer Akiyoshi Endo—whose place in the kamikaze roster Ugaki had usurped—climbed into the same space that the admiral had already occupied. Après le discours impérial acceptant la capitulation du Japon[Note 3], le vice-amiral Ugaki décide de participer à une dernière mission kamikaze à bord d'un Yokosuka D4Y Suisei contre les navires alliés au large d'Okinawa, le 15 août 1945. On August 15, 1945 altogether, it became the raw material of an assassination attempt on his.!, wore a dark green uniform and a short sword was found nearby corvette ( Shōsa ) 1 December and! 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