In dismissing the petition, this Court reminded litigants to refrain from directly filing petitions for extraordinary writs before the Court, unless there were special and important reasons therefor.  Angara averred that the Supreme Court has jurisdiction over the case because it involves the interpretation of the Constitution. See also Lozada, Jr. v. Macapagal-Arroyo, G.R. The US Supreme Court, in contrast, received 6,305 filings in its 2016 term, heard only 71 cases in arguments, and disposed 68 cases in 61 signed opm1ons. PEA and AMARI claim petitioner ignored the judicial hierarchy by seeking relief directly from the Court.  In Romulo, we declared that the facts necessary to resolve the legal question are not disputed. - In hearings upon bills of exception, in civil actions and special proceedings, the Supreme Court shall not review the evidence taken in the court below, nor retry the questions of fact, except as in this section hereafter provided; but shall determine only questions of law raised by the bill of exceptions. 3, as amended. 6957, as amended by RA No. 100318, July 30, 1991, 199 SCRA 750; Association of Small Landowners in the Philippines, Inc. v. Secretary of Agrarian Reform, G.R. Any person who, being a manufacturer, producer, or processor of any merchandise or object of commerce or an importer of any merchandise or object of commerce from any foreign country, either as principal or agent, wholesaler or retailer, shall combine, conspire or agree in any manner with any person likewise engaged in the manufacture, production, processing, assembling or importation of such merchandise or object of commerce or with any other persons not so similarly engaged for the purpose of making transactions prejudicial to lawful commerce, or of increasing the market price in any part of the Philippines, of any such merchandise or object of commerce manufactured, produced, processed, assembled in or imported into the Philippines, or of any article in the manufacture of which such manufactured, produced, or imported merchandise or object of commerce is used.  Petitioner has failed to point to any provision in the law, which specifically prohibits the bundling of bids, a detail supplied by the respondent DOTC as implementing agency for the PPP program for airpm1s. One can assert those rights in a court of justice. No. 07-9-12-SC or the Rule on the Writ of Amparo; (2) A.M. No. 8249, jurisdiction of the Sandiganbayan was determined on the basis of the penalty imposable on the offense charged. MetropolitanTrial Courts. No. The issues are: (1) whether the President may enter into an executive agreement on foreign military bases, troops, or facilities under Article XVIII, Section 25 of the 1987 Constitution; and (2) whether the provisions under Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement are consistent with the Constitution, as well as with existing laws and treaties (i.e., the Mutual Defense Treaty and the Visiting Forces Agreement). Like its predecessor, the 1935 Constitution adopted the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court as provided in existing laws, i.e., Act No. " Thus, and similar with Angara, direct recourse to the Court in Araneta is justified because the issue to be resolved there was one of law; there was no dispute as to any underlying fact. 199669, April 25, 2017, citing Mangaliag v. Catubig-Pastoral, G.R.  Otherwise stated, while the grant may result in a monopoly, it is a type of monopoly not violative of law. We take this opportunity to clarify that the presence of one or more of the so-called "special and important reasons" is not the decisive factor considered by the Court in deciding whether to permit the invocation, at the first instance, of its original jurisdiction over the issuance of extraordinary writs. This essential function is accomplished by first, the ascertainment of all the material and relevant facts from the pleadings and from the evidence adduced by the parties, and second, after that determination of the facts has been completed, by the application of the law thereto to the end that the controversy may be settled authoritatively, definitely and finally.  G.R.  The Philippine Bill retained original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court conferred under Act No. Foremost, petitioner does not identify these "shady companies."  Aquino III v. Commission on Elections, supra note 135 at 630. Hence, direct recourse to us should be allowed only when the issue involved is one of law. In Purganan, the issue is whether prospective extradites are entitled to a notice and hearing before warrants for their arrest can be issued, and whether they are entitled to bail and provisional liberty while the extradition proceedings are pending. - In all cases in which a constitutional or legal provision requires that, in order that a corporation or association may exercise or enjoy a right, franchise or privilege, not less than a certain per centum of its capital must be owned by citizens of the Philippines or of any other specific country, it shall be unlawful to falsely simulate the existence of such minimum stock or capital as owned by such citizens, for the purpose of evading said provision. Hearings Confined to Matters of Law, With Certain Exceptions. Monopolies and Combinations in Restraint of Trade. The State shall encourage equity participation in public utilities by the general public. The justices serve until the age of 70. In some instances, this jurisdiction is shared with Regional Trial Courts (RTCs) and the Court of Appeals (CA). Both the 1973 and 1987 Constitution contain provisions on the present anti-graft court known as the Sandiganbayan. 616, 620 (1974), accessed on March 7, 2019 at. L-54958 & L-54966, September 2, 1983, 124 SCRA 494. VIII, §9) Members of the Supreme Court are required to have proven competence, integrity, probity and independence; they must be natural-born citizens of the Philippines, at least forty years old, with at least fifteen years of experience as a judge of a lower court or law practice in the country. We now jointly discuss petitioner's remaining allegations, namely, that bundling of the Projects: (i) violates the anti-dummy law and the constitutional provision allegedly giving citizens the opportunity to invest in public utilities; (ii) is in grave abuse of discretion; and (iii) enables companies with shaky financial backgrounds to participate in the Projects. Id. L-37790, March 25, 1976, 70 SCRA 139, 161. There is also the matter of appeals brought to us from the decisions of lower courts. (4) Price changes in response to changing market conditions, marketability of goods or services, or volume; (e) Imposing restrictions on the lease or contract for sale or trade of goods or services concerning where, to whom, or in what forms goods or services may be sold or traded, such as fixing prices, giving preferential discounts or rebate upon such price, or imposing conditions not to deal with competing entities, where the object or effect of the restrictions is to prevent, restrict or lessen competition substantially: Provided, That nothing contained in this Act shall prohibit or render unlawful: (1) Permissible franchising, licensing, exclusive merchandising or exclusive distributorship agreements such as those which give each party the right to unilaterally terminate the agreement; or.